any of a group of closely related compounds which include cannabinol and the active constituents of cannabis. ~ Dictionary.com
❇️Introducing our Cannabinoid Series! In this Series, we’re going to dig deeper into cannabis as we explore some of the most commonly-used cannabinoids and how they function within our Endocannabinoid System. ????
Before we get too far into this Series, we’re going to brush up on our cannabis vocabulary. If there’s one thing certain about cannabis, it’s that there’s a lot of new terminology and much of it is often used incorrectly. It seems that one word is longer than the next and half of them sound almost the same. It can be confusing, so let’s break down some of the lingo you’ll be hearing in this Series:
???? Cannabinoid: Simply put, cannabinoids are the “active ingredients” in cannabis. Over 100 different cannabinoids have been identified in the cannabis plant. Multiple studies have indicated that human breast milk contains cannabinoids, the essential function of which is to calm infants and stimulate their appetite. Pretty much exactly the same thing cannabinoids do for you, huh?! ????
???? Endocannabinoid System (ECS): A series of receptors found in humans (and some animals) which are configured to react to cannabinoids. These receptors are located in our brain, organs, connective tissues, and immune cells. We’ll get into this more next week.
???? CBD Extract/Full Spectrum Extract: Unlike hemp seed oil which is cold-pressed from the hemp seeds (and does not co ntain cannabinoids), Extract is the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids from the bud and plant material. It is a dark, waxy, resin that has the consistency of molasses in winter. The terms CBD Extract and Full Spectrum Extract are often used interchangeably, but for purposes of this Series, CBD Extract refers to the Full Spectrum Extract used in all of our CBD Drops. Full Spectrum means that the Extract contains all of the cannabinoids found in that particular strain of cannabis as opposed to an isolated cannabinoid, usually CBD. This is the difference between Full Spectrum and CBD Isolate!
???? Decarboxylation: The chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group (carbon and oxygen) and releases carbon dioxide. Simply, it is the process of heating or curing cannabis for a particular amount of time to change the chemical structure and subsequently, the effects on the ECS. Most cannabis consumers are familiar with the term decarboxylation as it relates to heating the THCa in raw cannabis to convert it into THC to induce psychoactive effects. Visit Leafly.com has a wonderful article on decarboxylation, read it here.
???? CO2 Extraction: Also known as supercritical CO2 extraction, this technique freezes the cannabis buds, allowing the tiny resin-filled trichomes to break off and be forced through a filter, separating the sticky extract from the plant material. It does so without the use of dangerous solvents and is considered one of the safest methods for human consumption.
???? Trichomes: The definition of Trichome is “a small hair or other outgrowth from the epidermis of a plant”. As it relates to cannabis, Trichomes are the tiny resin glands found on the buds and leaves of the plant. These mushroom shaped growths have the appearance of being little “hairs” or “crystals”. Trichomes produce the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that make different cannabis strains unique in their smell, taste, and effectiveness. The strong smell of Trichomes also protects cannabis against pests.
???? Entourage Effect: The idea that to get the best medicinal effect from a plant, you must use the entire plant rather than just certain parts. This is the reason why we use hemp seed oil for our CBD carrier oil (rather than coconut, olive or other oils.) It’s also why we use Full Spectrum Extract as opposed to CBD Isolate.
Join us next week where we’ll take a deeper look at the Endocannabinoid System!
** contents of this post do not constitute medical advice **